Knee Pain Overview
The functions of knees can never be overemphasized. Not only do they provide stability to the whole framework of the human body while standing, walking, running and jumping, but also lend flexibility while turning or dancing.
Knee pain is defined as pain in or around the knee which may indicate an underlying condition affecting the knee joint itself or the soft tissue around the knee.
What causes Knee Pain?
In order to prevent your thigh bone (femur) from rubbing against your shin bone (tibia) every time you bend your knees, there is a thin layer of padding present inside the joint capsule between the two bones. This is basically a C-shaped cartilage known as meniscus.
Because the menisci are attached to the tendons and membranes surrounding your knee joint, they are inclined to be torn by shearing force during violent twisting of the knee. This is commonly seen in athletes. The location and size of tear indicate the gravity of the injury.
PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN SYNDROME
Patella is a small bone just in front of your knee joint that is held in place with a number of tendons. Patellofemoral pain syndrome refers to sharp pain experienced in the knee due to damage of the cartilage under the kneecap from injury or overuse.
It is particularly seen in women, young adults and people involved in sports. The pain increases with heavy exercises like climbing of stairs or squatting.
Knee disorders are not unusual these days, especially because of the increasing average body mass index and correspondingly waist size worldwide. More weight on your knees will, understandably, harm the joints faster leading to early diagnosis of arthritis and similar disorders.
Swelling of knee joints may also find its cause in autoimmune diseases like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. However, most problems occur during to mechanical stress that strains the joint, such as a direct blow or sudden, jerky movement.
What are the symptoms of Knee Pain?
The following symptoms necessitate a visit to the clinic:
- Painful kneecaps
- Swelling in the knee
- Difficulty in walking and muscle weakness
- Restricted range of motion
These symptoms usually indicate a tear of the meniscal discs or patellofemoral pain syndrome (also called anterior knee pain syndrome). You must be aware of the basic differences between these disorders before you undergo treatment.
Treating and Diagnosing Knee Pain
Your medical history will go a long way in helping your doctor diagnose your condition. Your doctor will be keenly interested in learning about your history of pain. When did you first experience pain, and how long have you been dealing with it? What things increase and decrease your pain?
A physical examination and imaging tests will give your doctor a clear view of what’s causing your pain and of how your pain is affecting you. Reflex tests, range of motion tests, MRIs, and x-rays may be used in this regard.
How We Can Help
During your consultation with us, we will discuss the pain you are experiencing. After we thoroughly understand how your condition has been affecting you, we will work to create a minimally invasive treatment program that is right for you.
Our goal is to provide you with both a long-term and short-term treatment. You do not have to live with pain. Let us show you how you can make your knee pain a thing of the past!