Left Side Abdominal Pain

Why You May be Experiencing Left Side Abdominal Pain

Location is one of the most important parts of figuring out the cause of your abdominal pain. If you are experiencing abdominal pain on the left side of your body, there are multiple conditions that could be the cause.

Some of the conditions that may cause your left side abdominal pain include the following:


Abdominal pain could sometimes be caused by constipation, a condition that makes it difficult to move your bowels. Constipation is a common condition and is usually easy to treat.

Some of the signs of constipation are:

  • Pain in your abdomen
  • Trouble with your bowel movements
  • Only moving your bowels a few times a week
  • Your stools are lumpy or hard
  • You are having a feeling that you can’t get all of your stool out

Though constipation is often easily treatable, it could also be a symptom of another medical issue. If you are experiencing other symptoms, make sure you get checked out by a doctor.

Diverticular Diseases

Diverticular diseases could cause abdominal pain. These diseases often have constipation as one of the signs, which is why it is important to get diagnosed by a doctor if your constipation does not go away.

Some diverticular diseases include diverticulosis and diverticulitis. Diverticulosis happens when diverticula form on the lining of your bowel due to pressure by liquid, waste or gas. Strain when you attempt to move your bowels while constipated can create diverticula.

Symptoms of diverticulosis are rare, but if the diverticula become infected, you may develop diverticulitis. Symptoms of diverticulitis may include:

  • Alternating bouts of constipation and diarrhea
  • Cramping or a tender abdomen
  • Fever or chills

Treating diverticulitis depends on the severity of the condition and could include draining an abscess or even surgery.

Kidney Stones

Since you have kidneys on both side of your body, kidney stones could be the cause of your left side abdominal pain. As your kidney works to filter waste, sometimes it can create stones from the minerals and salt in your urine.

These kidney stones vary in size and severity. Symptoms may include:

  • Pain in your abdomen, back or groin, sometimes severe
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Pain while urinating
  • Blood in your urine
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Sometimes small kidney stones may pass on their own. You may be able to take pain medication and pass them yourself. If that isn’t possible, your doctor can treat your kidney stones with other medical procedures, like a ureteroscopy.

What to Keep in Mind with Left Side Abdominal Pain

There are many more potential causes of left side abdominal pain. To get the most accurate diagnosis from your medical professional, pay attention to the exact symptoms you experience and where in your body they occur, even if they move in your body.
You should also make note of when your symptoms began, how long they lasted and what medicines you have take, if any. Your medical team will be able to diagnose your abdominal pain and determine the best treatment.

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