The functions of knees can never be overemphasized. Not only do they provide stability to the whole framework of the human body while standing, walking, running and jumping, but also lend flexibility while turning or dancing. Knee disorders are not unusual these days, especially because of the increasing average body mass index and correspondingly waist size worldwide.
More weight on your knees will, understandably, harm the joints faster leading to early diagnosis of arthritis and similar disorders. Swelling of knee joints may also find its cause in autoimmune diseases like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. However, most problems occur during to mechanical stress that strains the joint, such as a direct blow or sudden, jerky movement.
When Should You Consult A Doctor For Medical Advice?
The following symptoms necessitate a visit to the clinic:
- Painful kneecaps
- Swelling in the knee
- Difficulty in walking and muscle weakness
- Restricted range of motion
These symptoms usually indicate a tear of the meniscal discs or patellofemoral pain syndrome (also called anterior knee pain syndrome). You must be aware of the basic differences between these disorders before you undergo treatment.
What is a meniscal tear?
In order to prevent your thigh bone (femur) from rubbing against your shin bone (tibia) every time you bend your knees, there is a thin layer of padding present inside the joint capsule between the two bones. This is basically a C-shaped cartilage known as meniscus.
Because the menisci are attached to the tendons and membranes surrounding your knee joint, they are inclined to be torn by shearing force during violent twisting of the knee. This is commonly seen in athletes. The location and size of tear indicate the gravity of the injury.
What is patellofemoral pain syndrome?
Patella is a small bone just in front of your knee joint that is held in place with a number of tendons. Patellofemoral pain syndrome refers to sharp pain experienced in the knee due to damage of the cartilage under the kneecap from injury or overuse.
It is particularly seen in women, young adults and people involved in sports. The pain increases with heavy exercises like climbing of stairs or squatting.
Choose The Best Treatment
Both these conditions require clinical diagnosis, lab tests or imaging, and are treatable by medical professionals. Most treatment plans include adequate rest, mild physical therapy and pain relievers. Our orthopedic surgeons are proficient not only in arthroscopic procedures but also in rehabilitation techniques.
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